Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Institute of Psychiatric Research, Indianapolis, IN 46202. [email protected]
Defining brain mechanisms that control and adapt motivated behavior will not only advance addiction treatment. It will help society see that addiction is a disease that erodes free will, rather than representing a free will that asks for or deserves consequences of drug-use choices. This science has important implications for understanding addiction's comorbidity in mental illness and reducing associated public health and criminal justice burdens.