Oryx

Short Communications

Conservation of the Vulnerable sarus crane Grus antigone antigone in Kota, Rajasthan, India: a case study of community involvement

Jatinder Kaura1 c1, Anil Naira2 and B.C. Choudhurya3

a1 81, Shopping Centre, Kota, Rajasthan, India.

a2 Hadothi Naturalist Society, 81, Shopping Centre, Kota, Rajasthan, India.

a3 Endangered Species Management Department, Wildlife Institute of India, Chandrabani, Dehradhun, India.

Abstract

The sarus crane, a bird species characteristic of wetlands, is categorized as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. In India, sarus cranes occur mostly outside protected areas and use these unprotected areas for feeding and breeding. They are consequently threatened by poaching and the destruction of their eggs and juveniles. To protect the crane's habitat and nests a community education and awareness campaign was carried out, using audiovisual shows and presentations, in villages and schools in the vicinity of sarus crane nesting sites in Kota district, Rajasthan. In 2004–2005 protection of 22 nests by volunteer Rural Village Sarus Protection Groups, formed as a result of the campaign, resulted in the successful fledging of 19 chicks, including some in the dry season. Our experience with this project demonstrated that it is possible to re-establish a bond between farmers and nature, and work on community involvement for the sarus crane is continuing, with the involvement of more districts in Rajasthan.

(Received July 11 2006)

(Reviewed October 04 2006)

(Accepted April 26 2007)

Correspondence:

c1 81, Shopping Centre, Kota, Rajasthan, India. E-mail kaurjatinder@rediffmail.com

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