“Naturalizing the Nation”: The Rise of Naturalistic Nationalism in the United States and Canada
ERIC KAUFMANN a1 a1 European Institute, The London School of Economics and Political Science
Perhaps the most vexing problem in philosophy and social
theory concerns the relative importance of material and ideal factors
for social action. Karl Marx, for instance, with his notion of base
and superstructure and his materialistic interpretation of the
dialectic process, made a clean break from the idealism of his
Hegelian heritage (McLellan 1977:390; Swingewood 1991:62–63).
Nevertheless, idealism proved resilient and later came to inform
the thinking of both actor-oriented (that is, phenomenologist,
ethnomethodologist, symbolic interactionist) and structure-oriented
(that is Functionalist, Structuralist) theorists.