British Journal of Nutrition

Full Papers

Addition of oat hulls to an extruded rice-based diet for weaner pigs ameliorates the incidence of diarrhoea and reduces indices of protein fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract

Jae Cheol Kima1a2 c1, Bruce P. Mullana2, David J. Hampsona1 and John R. Pluskea1

a1 School of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia

a2 Department of Agriculture and Food, Animal Research and Development, Department of Agriculture and food, Locked Bag No. 4, Bentley Delivery Centre, WA 6983, Australia

Abstract

An experiment was conducted to determine whether adding oat hulls to weaner pig diets based on extruded rice or unprocessed wheat influenced post-weaning diarrhoea (PWD) and protein fermentation in the large intestine. Ninety-six male piglets (5·16 (sem 0·08) kg) were allocated to (i) extruded rice plus animal proteins (RAP); (ii) RAP with added oat hulls (20 g/kg); (iii) wheat plus animal proteins (WAP); (iv) WAP with added oat hulls (20 g/kg). Blood and faecal samples were collected on days 7 and 14 after weaning at about age 21 d. Pigs fed RAP had more PWD than pigs fed WAP (P < 0·05). Oat hull supplementation to diet RAP decreased the incidence of PWD (P < 0·05). The total-tract digestibility of DM, starch and energy was higher in rice-based diets than in wheat-based diets (P < 0·001); however, oat hulls decreased digestibility of DM and gross energy (P < 0·001). Pigs fed RAP had higher plasma creatinine concentrations (P < 0·01), which were positively correlated to cumulative β-haemolytic Escherichia coli scores after weaning (R2 0·928; P = 0·015). Addition of oat hulls decreased plasma urea concentrations only in pigs fed RAP (interaction; P < 0·05). Pigs fed RAP had lower faecal total biogenic amine concentrations than pigs fed WAP (P < 0·001). Oat hull supplementation tended to decrease total biogenic amine concentrations (P = 0·103). These data indirectly suggest that a mostly insoluble dietary fibre source such as oat hulls can decrease PWD in dietary situations where there may be a misbalance of carbohydrate to protein entering the hindgut.

(Received May 21 2007)

(Revised October 09 2007)

(Accepted October 15 2007)

(Online publication November 28 2007)

Correspondence:

c1 Corresponding author: Jae Cheol Kim, fax +61 8 9474 1295, email jkim@agric.wa.gov.au

Footnotes

Abbreviations: CP, crude protein; DE, digestible energy; OH, oat hulls; PWD, post-weaning diarrhoea; RAP, extruded medium-grain rice plus animal proteins; TTAD, total-tract apparent digestibility; WAP, wheat plus animal proteins

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