a1 Genetics Section, Department of Plant Sciences, Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas 77843
The alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (GOT), acid phosphatase (ACPH), endopeptidase (EP) and aminopeptidase (AMP) zymogram phenotypes of Chinese Spring wheat, Imperial rye, the Chinese Spring-Imperial triticale and the series of seven disomic Imperial chromosome additions to Chinese Spring were determined. It was found that the zymogram phenotypes produced for one or more of the enzymes by each of the Imperial chromosomes 3, 6, C and D differ sufficiently from that of Chinese Spring so as to provide evidence for the presence or absence of each of these chromosomes in addition lines and triticales. The structural genes Got-R2 and Got-R3 were located in Imperial chromosomes 6 and 3 respectively and other genes involved in the production of GOT in chromosomes C and D. By analysis of GOT alone, evidence for the presence or absence of Imperial chromosomes 3, 6, C and D in addition lines and triticales can be obtained. Adh-R1 was located in chromosome C and a gene(s) involved in the production of an ACPH was located in chromosome D.
The linkages obtained for Got-R2, Got-R3 and Adh-R1 demonstrate homoeology between the Imperial chromosomes 3, 6 and C and the Chinese Spring chromosomes of groups 3, 6 and 4 respectively. The discovery that Adh-R1 is located in Imperial chromosome C also suggests that the 4R/7R and 7R/4R homoeologous groupings proposed elsewhere for the chromosomes of the rye cultivars Imperial, Dakold, and King II should be reassessed, since they are inconsistent with the known linkages of Adh-R1 in the three cultivars. The finding in King II of two forms of ADH and of two ADH genes has been reported. The results of our study of Imperial, King II, and Dakold indicate that rye possesses but one ADH and only one ADH structural gene.
(Received August 12 1975)
* Technical article no. 12130 of the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. Adapted from a thesis submitted to the Graduate College, Texas A & M University by K. S. Tang in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the M.S. degree in genetics.