Journal of the International Phonetic Association

Illustrations of the IPA


Wiktor Jassem a1
a1 Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Academy of Sciences

Polish is a West Slavonic language with about 41 million speakers in Poland and approximately 10 million in diasporas. It can be described as a ‘consonantal’ language, in two respects: (a) it has a rich system of consonant phonemes, as shown in the table, and (b) it allows heavy consonant clusters, especially word-initially.