Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Short Communication

Towards an evolutionary pluralism? The need to establish evidentiary standards and avoid reification of assumptions

Agustin Fuentes a1
a1 Department of Anthropology, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556-5611


The adaptationist and exaptationist programs overlap in their need for a pluralistic approach to understanding evolutionary change, and Andrews et al. effectively illustrate the methodological confounds of these approaches. However, the current critique of adaptationism, especially in the arena of human behavior, rests on the tendency to rapidly reify adaptationist hypotheses prior to broad evidentiary consensus across relevant disciplines.