To express or suppress may be function of others' distress
Geert Crombez a1andChris Eccleston a2 a1 Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent 9000, Belgium
email@example.com a2 Department of Psychology, University of Bath, Bath BA2 7AY, United Kingdom
We argue that pain behaviour cannot be wholly accounted for within the operant model of Fordyce (1976). Many pain behaviours, including facial expression, are not socially reinforced but are evolutionarily predetermined. We urge researchers to take into consideration other learning accounts. Building on the idea that pain sufferers learn to suppress the expression of pain, we begin the development of a framework for a relational understanding of pain complaint.