Leiden Journal of International Law



CURRENT LEGAL DEVELOPMENTS

State Continuity and its Consequences: The Case of the Baltic States


PETER VAN ELSUWEGE  1

Abstract

The recognition of Baltic independence in 1991 led to a number of challenges in their relationship with Russia. The legal status of large Russian-speaking minorities in Latvia and Estonia, the unresolved border questions, and the particular situation of Kaliningrad have proved to be the most pressing of these. This article tries to link these topical political issues with international law practice on state continuity. It refers to competing visions of Baltic statehood and its political and legal consequences, particularly in the context of the forthcoming enlargement of NATO and the EU.


Key Words: Baltic–Russian relations; citizenship; state continuity; validity of international treaties.


Footnotes

1 Assistant, European Institute, University of Ghent.