Journal of Biosocial Science

Research Article

Breast-feeding patterns in the Philippines: a prospective analysis

Namvar Zohooria1, Barry M. Popkina1 and Maria E. Fernandeza1

a1 Department of Nutrition and Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA


Data from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey have been used to examine breast-feeding patterns in the Metropolitan Cebu region of the Philippines. The results show that there is extensive and early use of non-nutritive liquids, resulting in low levels of exclusive breast-feeding. The use of cross-sectional versus longitudinal data, the definition of exclusive breast-feeding, and movements in and out of the exclusively breast-fed category, are considered.

(Received June 20 1991)