Experimental Agriculture

Research Article

Studies on Row Arrangement and Population Densities of Potato Cultivars in a Sugarcane and Potato Intercropping System in North Central India

R. S. Vermaa1, R. S. Chauhana1 and R. N. Singha1

a1 Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow, UP, India

SUMMARY

Four plant densities and two genotypes of potato intercropped with sugarcane were examined at Lucknow, India and compared with potato–sugarcane sequential cropping. The best yields and monetary returns were obtained with one sugarcane row to two rows of potato (Kufri Chandramukhi) at 80 × 103 potato plants ha−1; this treatment combination gave virtually a full yield of both potato and cane. Sequential cropping of potato and sugarcane with 80 × 103 potato plants ha−1 in rows 50 cm apart gave better yields than intercropping potato with sugarcane in a 1:1 row arrangement. Kufri Chandramukhi, a short duration variety of potato, was more suitable for intercropping with sugarcane than the long duration Kufri Sindhuri. Growing potato either in sequence or as an intercrop with sugarcane decreased soil bulk density and increased its available nitrogen content.

(Accepted January 21 1985)