a1 Regional Cystic Fibrosis Unit, Seacroft Hospital, Leeds, UK
a2 Health Protection Agency, Seacroft Hospital, Leeds, UK
a3 Department of Microbiology, Leeds General Infirmary, UK
Viral infections are associated with pulmonary exacerbations in children with cystic fibrosis (CF), but few studies have addressed the frequency in adults. This paper investigates the frequency and impact of viral infections in adults with CF receiving intravenous antibiotics. Pre- and post-treatment spirometry, inflammatory markers and antibody titres against influenza A, influenza B, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia psittaci, and Coxiella burnetti were analysed over a 10-year period. Non-bacterial infections were identified in 5·1% of 3156 courses of treatment. The annual incidence of admissions per patient associated with viral infection was 4·9%. The presence of viral infection in association with a pulmonary exacerbation did not adversely affect lung function or inflammatory markers in the short term. Adults with CF have a lower incidence of respiratory viral infections associated with pulmonary exacerbations requiring intravenous antibiotics compared to children and infants with CF.
(Accepted February 11 2007)
(Online publication March 12 2007)