Ancient Mesoamerica


Anthony P.  Andrews  a1 c1, E. Wyllys  Andrews  a2 and Fernando Robles  Castellanos  a3
a1 Division of Social Sciences, New College of Florida, Sarasota, FL 34243-2197, USA
a2 Middle American Research Institute, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA
a3 Centro INAH Yucatán, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Apartado 1015, Mérida, Yucatán, México

Article author query
ap andrews   [Google Scholar] 
ew andrews   [Google Scholar] 
fr castellanos   [Google Scholar] 


Recent adjustments to the chronology of the northern Maya Lowlands have brought about a closer alignment of the decline of Terminal Classic/Early Postclassic Yucatecan polities with the collapse of the southern Maya states. The collapse of the entire Classic-period societal structure throughout the lowlands can now be compressed into a 200- or 250-year period and seen as a progressive chain of events that began in the south and culminated with the fall of Chichen Itza in the eleventh century. This new reconstruction has led us to propose eliminating the Early Postclassic period, the existence of which was based largely on a purportedly late occupation of Chichen Itza. We assign this final occupation of the Itza capital to the Terminal Classic period, which ended sometime in the eleventh century in the northern Maya Lowlands.

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