Habitat preferences of tigers Panthera tigris in the Sundarbans East Wildlife Sanctuary, Bangladesh, and management recommendations

M. Monirul H. Khan p1 c1 and David J. Chiversa1

a1 Wildlife Research Group, The Anatomy School, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, CB2 3DY, UK.


We examined the habitat preferences of tigers Panthera tigris in four habitat types in the Sundarbans East Wildlife Sanctuary, Bangladesh. Transect sampling was used to count tiger signs. Mean densities of signs of feeding, resting, defaecation and interaction were significantly different between the four main habitat types (mangrove woodlands, grasslands, sea beaches and transitional areas), whereas movement, scratch-scent-urinal and other signs were not significantly different. This indicates that tigers have habitat preferences for at least some activities. Similar patterns were found in the densities of movement and feeding signs, as well as of resting and defaecation signs, across the four different habitat types. Tigers were found to use soft-barked trees for scratching more often than other types.

(Received December 22 2005)

(Reviewed June 08 2006)

(Accepted August 03 2006)