Journal of Fluid Mechanics

Cellular detonation stability. Part 1. A normal-mode linear analysis

a1 Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA


A detailed investigation of the hydrodynamic stability to transverse linear disturbances of a steady, one-dimensional detonation in an ideal gas undergoing an irreversible, unimolecular reaction with an Arrhenius rate constant is conducted via a normal-mode analysis. The method of solution is an iterative shooting technique which integrates between the detonation shock and the reaction equilibrium point. Variations in the disturbance growth rates and frequencies with transverse wavenumber, together with two-dimensional neutral stability curves and boundaries for all unstable low- and higher frequency modes, are obtained for varying detonation bifurcation parameters. These include the detonation overdrive, chemical heat release and reaction activation energy. Spatial perturbation eigenfunction behaviour and phase and group velocities are also obtained for selected sets of unstable modes. Results are presented for both Chapman–Jouguet and overdriven detonation velocities. Comparisons between the earlier pointwise determination of stability and interpolated neutral stability boundaries obtained by Erpenbeck are made. Possible physical mechanisms which govern the wavenumber selection underlying the initial onset of either regular or irregular cell patterns are also discussed.

(Received September 24 1997)
(Revised March 23 1998)