Primary Health Care Research and Development

Research

Gauging Portuguese community pharmacy users’ perceptions

Afonso Miguel Neves Cavacoa1 c1 and Ian Peter Batesa2

a1 Social Pharmacy Sub-group, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal and

a2 Department of Practice and Policy, School of Pharmacy, University of London, London, UK

Abstract

Objective To assess perceptions related to facets of community pharmacy usage within the Portuguese general population.

Methods An ONSA (The Governmental Public Health Observatory) instrument was used, the ECOS (Em Casa Observamos Saúde) sample. This consisted of a national representative sample of household units with atelephone. General demographics and pharmacy users’ perceptions related to five facets of community pharmacy usage were collected by telephone interviews.

Main Results Almost one-third (31.9%) of the participants were probable chronic drug users, hence in regular contact with the community pharmacy. Thirty-four percent preferred not to talk with the person who dispenses their prescribed drugs. Most users (47.6%) expressed opinions of pharmacists as being health care rather than business oriented, although one quarter of the sample was not sure. A large majority (73.7%) would like pharmacists to participate in their treatment decisions, but 55.1% did not seem able to distinguish between pharmacists and non-pharmacist technical staff working at the pharmacy counter. Most significant predictors of users’ dichotomous perceptions related to the usage facets surveyed were age, education and occupation. Being older, less literate and economically inactive increased the odds of inappropriate users’ perceptions of the pharmacists.

Conclusions Results showed that erroneous concepts and behaviours exist within the Portuguese population in relation to the community pharmacists’ role. This is a matter for pharmacy professional and educational bodies to take into account when developing intervention strategies, in particular when communicating with the general public.

(Received March 2004)

(Accepted November 2006)

Key words

  • community pharmacy;
  • users’ perceptions;
  • Portugal

Correspondence:

c1 Address for correspondence: Afonso Miguel Neves Cavaco, Faculdade de Farmácia de Lisboa, Av. Prof. Gama Pinto, 1649-003 Lisboa, Portugal. Email: acavaco@ff.ul.pt

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