Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Short Communication

Cognitive empathy presupposes self-awareness: Evidence from phylogeny, ontogeny, neuropsychology, and mental illness

Gordon G. Gallup Jr. a1 and Steven M. Platek a1
a1 Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY 12222 http://12222.<\p>gallup@csc.albany.edusteven_platek@yahoo.com


We argue that cognitive empathy and other instances of mental state attribution are a byproduct of self-awareness. Evidence is brought to bear on this proposition from comparative psychology, early child development, neuropsychology, and abnormal behavior.