THE LIMITS OF JIM CROW: RACE AND THE PROVISION OF WATER AND SEWERAGE SERVICES IN AMERICAN CITIES, 1880–1925
This article addresses two related questions. To what extent did cities and towns provide African Americans adequate water and sewer services during the era of Jim Crow (1880–1925)? What motivated local governments to allow African Americans access to water and sewerage services? In light of the treatment African Americans received from state and local governments in areas such as education and police protection, it seems odd that blacks would have received any water and sewer service. Two explanations considered focus on fear of epidemic disease, and variation in the extent of residential segregation over time and across cities.
c1 Werner Troesken is Associate Professor, Department of History, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260; Research Associate, National Bureau of Economic Research; and Senior Investigator, Center for Population Economics, University of Chicago. E-mail: email@example.com.