Journal of Fluid Mechanics



Dynamics of homogeneous bubbly flows Part 2. Velocity fluctuations


BERNARD BUNNER a1 and GRÉTAR TRYGGVASON a2
a1 Coventor, Inc., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
a2 Mechanical Engineering Department, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA 01609-2280, USA

Abstract

Direct numerical simulations of the motion of up to 216 three-dimensional buoyant bubbles in periodic domains are presented. The bubbles are nearly spherical and have a rise Reynolds number of about 20. The void fraction ranges from 2% to 24%. Part 1 analysed the rise velocity and the microstructure of the bubbles. This paper examines the fluctuation velocities and the dispersion of the bubbles and the ‘pseudo-turbulence’ of the liquid phase induced by the motion of the bubbles. It is found that the turbulent kinetic energy increases with void fraction and scales with the void fraction multiplied by the square of the average rise velocity of the bubbles. The vertical Reynolds stress is greater than the horizontal Reynolds stress, but the anisotropy decreases when the void fraction increases. The kinetic energy spectrum follows a power law with a slope of approximately −3.6 at high wavenumbers.

(Received March 14 2000)
(Revised March 5 2002)



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