Journal of Plasma Physics

Papers

Nonlinear magnetoacoustic waves in a cold plasma

G. ROWLANDSa1 and M. A. ALLENa2

a1 Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK

a2 Physics Department, Mahidol University, Rama 6 Road, Bangkok 10400, Thailand (frmaa@mahidol.ac.th)

Abstract

The equations describing planar magnetoacoustic waves of permanent form in a cold plasma are rewritten so as to highlight the presence of a naturally small parameter equal to the ratio of the electron and ion masses. If the magnetic field is not nearly perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation, this allows us to use a multiple-scale expansion to demonstrate the existence and nature of nonlinear wave solutions. Such solutions are found to have a rapid oscillation of constant amplitude superimposed on the underlying large-scale variation. The approximate equations for the large-scale variation are obtained by making an adiabatic approximation and in one limit, new explicit solitary pulse solutions are found. In the case of a perpendicular magnetic field, conditions for the existence of solitary pulses are derived. Our results are consistent with earlier studies which were restricted to waves having a velocity close to that of long-wavelength linear magnetoacoustic waves.

(Received June 06 2006)

(Accepted June 16 2006)