Semantic priming in schizophrenia: A review and synthesis
In this paper, we present a review of semantic priming experiments in schizophrenia. Semantic priming paradigms show utility in assessing the role of deficits in semantic memory network access in the pathology of schizophrenia. The studies are placed in the context of current models of information processing. In this review we include all English-language reports (from peer-reviewed journals) of single-word semantic priming studies involving participants with schizophrenia. The studies to date show schizophrenic patients to exhibit variable semantic priming effects under automatic processing conditions, and consistent impairments under controlled/attentional conditions. We also describe associations with other neurocognitive dysfunction, neurochemical and electrophysiological disturbances, and clinical manifestations (such as thought disorder). (JINS, 2002, 8, 699–720.)(Received October 9 2000)
(Revised June 4 2001)
(Accepted June 5 2001)
Key Words: Semantic priming; Schizophrenia; Semantic memory; Language; Information processing.
c1 Reprint requests to: Michael J. Minzenberg, M.D., Department Psychiatry, 116C, DVA Medical Center, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA 94121. E-mail: email@example.com