Journal of Dairy Research



Nutritional requirements of Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides and subsp. dextranicum for growth in milk


PASCALE BELLENGIER a1, JEAN RICHARD a1 and CATHERINE FOUCAUD a1
a1 Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Unité de Recherches Laitières, F-78352 Jouy-en-Josas Cedex, France

Abstract

Growth of Leuconostoc mesenteroides in milk was studied with respect to the proteinase and peptidase activities of the strains and their nutritional requirements. Ln. mesenteroides grew poorly in milk since none of the 14 strains studied exceeded 5×108 cfu/ml at the end of growth. Few strains displayed proteinase activity, and this did not contribute much to growth. The pattern of peptidase activities varied with the strain. Nitrogen starvation and a high requirement for Mn2+ were involved in the cause of growth deficiencies. Addition of amino acids, 50 mg Mg2+/l and 0·08–0·49 mg Mn2+/l stimulated growth of most leuconostoc strains up to 5×108 cfu/ml. Addition of 5 g glucose/l to milk containing amino acids, Mg2+ and Mn2+ or yeast extract stimulated the growth of seven and eight strains respectively up to 109 cfu/ml. No growth advantage was found in a N2 atmosphere. However, the addition of small amounts of Mn2+ to milk suppressed the inhibitory effect of aeration on the growth of Ln. mesenteroides UD23, suggesting a protective role of Mn2+ against O2 toxicity.

(Received September 21 1995)
(Accepted July 11 1996)


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