Bulletin of the Natural History Museum: Entomology



A review and checklist of the Neotropical Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera)


RIMANTAS PUPLESIS a1, ARUNAS DIŠKUS a1, GADEN S. ROBINSON a2 and GIOVANNI ONORE a3
a1 Department of Zoology, Vilnius Pedagogical University, 39, Studentu str., Vilnius 2004 LT, Lithuania
a2 Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK
a3 Departamento de Biologia, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador

Abstract

Synopsis 59

Introduction 60

Material and methods 60

Abbreviations of institutions 61

Acknowledgements 61

Redescriptions of Manoneura basidactyla and Ectoedemia fuscivittata 61

Revised checklist of Neotropical Nepticulidae 63

Discussion 63

Definition of species-groups, taxonomic notes 63

Leaf-mine collecting and hostplant data in equatorial America 66

Diversity and geography 66

References 67

Fieldwork in 2000–2001 has added substantially to our knowledge of the Nepticulidae of the upper Amazon basin and the Andes and increased the number of species known from the Neotropical Region from 58 to 74. Two species – Manoneura basidactyla (Davis) and Ectoedemia fuscivittata Puplesis & Robinson – are recorded from equatorial America for the first time here and are redescribed, with amplified descriptions and illustrations. A revised checklist of the Neotropical Nepticulidae is given together with an updated distribution map for Central and Southern America. Fomoria latipennata Puplesis & Robinson is transferred to Acalyptris, comb. n. Four new species-groups (Stigmella tiliella-group, S. barbata-group, Fomoria molybditis-group and Acalyptris latipennata-group) are defined. Hostplant data are reviewed and further hostplant genera from which mines or cocoons have been collected are noted. The diversity and distribution of the Neotropical Nepticulidae are discussed.