THE MODE OF ACTION OF VENOM ACCORDING TO JAbar;[Hdotu]I[Zdotu]
Ahmed Aarab a1, Philippe Provençal a2andMohamed Idaomar a3 a1 Groupe de recherche et de documentation sur les sciences arabes médiévales, Faculté des sciences et techniques, B.P. 416, Tanger, Maroc a2 Naturhistorisk Museum, Århus, Universitetsparken bygn. 210, 8000 Århus C, Denmark a3 Faculté des sciences, B.P. 2121, Tétouan, Maroc
The aim of this paper is to present the modes of action of venom as construed by Abu 'Uthman 'Amr ibn Ba[hdotu]r al-Ja[hdotu]i[zdotu] (780-868) in his Kitab
al-[Hdotu]ayawan (The Book of Animals). The toxicological information presented by Ja[hdotu]i[zdotu] is a synthesis of data available in his time, but Ja[hdotu]i[zdotu] complemented these early conceptions by his personal theoretical views. Ja[hdotu]i[zdotu]'s fundamental idea is that venoms act through their specific natures; this idea in a way is reminiscent of present-day theory of enzymes.