Antiquity

Research

Communal eating and drinking in early Roman Mediterranean France: a possible tavern at Lattara, c. 125–75 BC

Benjamin P. Luleya1a3 and Gaël Piquèsa2a3

a1 Departments of Classics and Anthropology, Gettysburg College, 300 North Washington Street, Gettysburg, PA 17325, USA (Email: bluley@gettysburg.edu)

a2 ASM (Archéologie des Sociétés Méditerranéennes), UMR 5140, Université Montpellier 3, CNRS, MCC, F-34000 Montpellier, France (Email: gael.piques@cnrs.fr)

a3 Labex ARCHIMEDE programme IA- ANR-11-LABX-0032-01, Site Saint-Charles, F-34000 Montpellier, France

Abstract

Despite being institutions of major social importance throughout the Roman world, taverns remain poorly understood archaeologically. The identification of one such possible tavern at the Iron Age and Roman site of Lattara in Mediterranean France is hence a discovery of special significance. Not only is the tavern the earliest of its kind in the region, it also serves as an invaluable indicator of the changing social and economic infrastructure of the settlement and its inhabitants following the Roman conquest of Mediterranean Gaul in the late second century BC.

(Received November 03 2014)

(Accepted February 05 2015)

(Revised March 25 2015)

Keywords:

  • Lattara ;
  • Mediterranean France;
  • Iron Age;
  • Roman;
  • tavern