Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary

Subcortical consciousness: Implications for fetal anesthesia and analgesia

Roland R. Brusseau a1 and George A. Mashour a2
a1 Department of Anesthesia, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115;
a2 Division of Neurosurgical Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.

Article author query
brusseau rr   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 
mashour ga   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 


In this commentary we discuss the possibility of subcortical consciousness and its implications for fetal anesthesia and analgesia. We review the neural development of structural and functional elements that may participate in conscious representation, with a particular focus on the experience of pain.

(Published Online May 1 2007)