Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary

The behavioral sciences are historical sciences of emergent complexity

Larry Arnhart a1
a1 Department of Political Science, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115.

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arnhart l   [PubMed][Google Scholar] 


Unlike physics and chemistry, the behavioral sciences are historical sciences that explain the fuzzy complexity of social life through historical narratives. Unifying the behavioral sciences through evolutionary game theory would require a nested hierarchy of three kinds of historical narratives: natural history, cultural history, and biographical history.

(Published Online April 27 2007)