Journal of Navigation

Research Article

Feature Extraction and Geomagnetic Matching

Caifa Guoa1a2 c1, Hong Caia1 and G.H.M. van der Heijdena2

a1 (College of Aerospace and Material Engineering, National University of Defence Technology , Changsha, China)

a2 (Department of Civil, Environmental & Geomatic Engineering, University College London)

Abstract

In this paper, some improvements in feature extraction for geomagnetic matching are made. Geomagnetic entropy is extracted from the total intensity of the geomagnetic field and its performance for navigation is tested with real geomagnetic data. The matching progress is divided into two phrases: rough matching and precise matching. In the rough matching phase, a sub-region that includes the real position is obtained by using the total intensity of the geomagnetic field as the matching feature. The entropy is applied to precise matching in the sub-region to obtain the final result. Simulations show that the navigation effect is significantly improved with the entropy as an assistant feature. The combined match probability is much better than the results derived from those using only total intensity as the matching feature. This is especially true when the flight vehicle passes through an area without abundant magnetic information.

(Received July 02 2012)

(Accepted July 11 2013)

(Online publication August 07 2013)

KEY WORDS

  • Feature extraction;
  • Geomagnetic navigation;
  • Geomagnetic matching;
  • Entropy

Correspondence

c1 (E-mail: g.caifa@ucl.ac.uk)