Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Continuing Commentary
Tracey J. Shors & Louis D. Matzel (1997) Long-term potentiation: What's learning got to do with it? BBS 20:597–655

Does the finding of statistical significance justify the rejection of the null hypothesis?

David Sohn a1
a1 Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223–0001


The soundness of Chow's (1996; 1998a) argument depends on the soundness of his assertion that statistical significance may be understood to signify that chance may be excluded as the reason for results. The examples and arguments provided here show that statistical significance signifies no such thing.