Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary
Chow: Statistical significance

The historical case against null-hypothesis significance testing

Henderikus J. Stam a1 and Grant A. Pasay a1
a1 Department of Psychology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4


We argue that Chow's defense of hypothesis-testing procedures attempts to restore an aura of objectivity to the core procedures, allowing these to take on the role of judgment that should be reserved for the researcher. We provide a brief overview of what we call the historical case against hypothesis testing and argue that the latter has led to a constrained and simplified conception of what passes for theory in psychology.