Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary
Chow: Statistical significance

Some statistical misconceptions in Chow's Statistical significance

Jacques Poitevineau a1 and Bruno Lecoutre a2
a1 LCPE, C.N.R.S., 92120 Montrouge, France [email protected]
a2 C.N.R.S. et Université de Rouen, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan Cedex, France [email protected]


Chow's book makes a provocative contribution to the debate on the role of statistical significance, but it involves some important misconceptions in the presentation of the Fisher and Neyman/Pearson's theories. Moreover, the author's caricature-like considerations about “Bayesianism” are completely irrelevant for discarding the Bayesian statistical theory. These facts call into question the objectivity of his contribution.