Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary
Chow: Statistical significance

Significance tests cannot be justified in theory-corroboration experiments

Marks R. Nester a1
a1 Queensland Forestry Research Institute, MS 483, Fraser Road, Gympie, 4570, Australia


Chow's one-tailed null-hypothesis significance-test procedure, with its rationale based on the elimination of chance influences, is not appropriate for theory-corroboration experiments. Estimated effect sizes and their associated standard errors or confidence limits will always suffice.