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New Testament Studies



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Augustine's Adoption of the Vulgate Gospels a


H. A. G. HOUGHTON a1
a1 Institute for Textual Scholarship and Electronic Editing, Department of Theology and Religion, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, England

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Abstract

This paper examines Augustine's text of the Gospel according to John to trace the process by which he adopted Jerome's revision of the Gospels. An important feature is the distinction between ‘primary citations’ taken from a codex and ‘secondary citations’ likely to have been made from memory, which change affiliation at different rates. Augustine's progress from Old Latin to Vulgate text-types is illustrated by the comparison of selected passages with surviving manuscripts. Textual variants in these citations suggest that Augustine's biblical text has been transmitted accurately.


Key Words: Augustine; Vulgate; Jerome; Latin; Bible; Gospel; John.


Footnotes

a A version of this paper was delivered in the Textual Criticism seminar at the Annual Meeting of SNTS in Sibiu, Romania, in 2007. I should like to thank Professors J. K. Elliott and H.-G. Bethge for their invitation to speak in the seminar. The original research on which this study was based was funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council.