Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary
Heyes, C. M.: Theory of mind in nonhuman primates

Primate theory of mind is a Turing test

Robert W. Mitchell a1 and James R. Anderson a2
a1 Department of Psychology, Eastern Kentucky University, Richmond, KY 40475
a2 Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland


Heyes's literature review of deception, imitation, and self-recognition is inadequate, misleading, and erroneous. The anaesthetic artifact hypothesis of self-recognition is unsupported by the data she herself examines. Her proposed experiment is tantalizing, indicating that theory of mind is simply a Turing test.