Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Short Communication

Conceptualizing motivation and emotion

Ross Buck a1
a1 Department of Communication Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-1085


Motivation and emotion are not clearly defined and differentiated in Rolls's The brain and emotion, reflecting a widespread problem in conceptualizing these phenomena. An adequate theory of emotion cannot be based upon reward and punishment alone. Basic mechanisms of arousal, agonistic, and prosocial motives-emotions exist in addition to reward-punishment systems.