Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Author's Response
Norris et al.: Speech recognition has no feedback

Feedback on feedback on feedback: It's feedforward

Dennis Norris a1, James M. McQueen a2 and Anne Cutler a2
a1 Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge, CB2 2EF, United Kingdom
a2 Max-Planck-Institute for Psycholinguistics, 6525 XD Nijmegen, The Netherlands james.mcqueen;


The central thesis of our target article is that feedback is never necessary in spoken word recognition. In this response we begin by clarifying some terminological issues that have led to a number of misunderstandings. We provide some new arguments that the feedforward model Merge is indeed more parsimonious than the interactive alternatives, and that it provides a more convincing account of the data than alternative models. Finally, we extend the arguments to deal with new issues raised by the commentators such as infant speech perception and neural architecture.