Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary
Mazur & Booth: Testosterone and dominance

Testosterone's role in dominance, sex, and aggression: Why so controversial?

Douglas T. Kenrick a1 and Alicia Barr a1
a1 Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-1104


Testosterone's connection to sex differences and key evolutionary processes arouses controversy. Effects on humans and other species, though, are not robotically deterministic but are parts of complex interactions. We discuss the societal implications of these findings and consider how the naturalistic fallacy and the person–situation dichotomy contribute to misunderstandings here.