Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Short Communication

No evidence for traces in sentence comprehension

Martin J. Pickering a1
a1 Human Communication Research Centre, Department of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QF, Scotland


Grodzinsky claims that “normal language users demonstrate trace-antecedent relations in real-time tasks.” However, the cited evidence is equally compatible with a traceless account of processing. Moreover, Pickering and Barry (1991) and Traxler and Pickering (1996) have demonstrated that the processor does not wait until the purported trace location before forming the dependency. Grodzinsky's claims about Broca's area should be interpreted in terms of a transformation-free account.