Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Short Communication

A linguistic module for integrating the senses, or a house of cards?

Rick Dale a1 and Michael Spivey a1
a1 Department of Psychology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853


Carruthers invokes a number of controversial assumptions to support his thesis. Most are questionable and unnecessary to investigate the wider relevance of language in cognition. A number of research programs (e.g., interactionist psycholinguistics and cognitive linguistics) have for years pursued a similar thesis and provide a more empirically grounded framework for investigating language’ cognitive functions.