Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Open Peer Commentary
Chow: Statistical significance

Statistical inference: Why wheels spin

William S. Verplanck a1
a1 Professor of Psychology, Emeritus, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, TN 37916


NHSTP is embedded in the research of “cognitive science.” Its use is based on unstated assumptions about the practices of sampling, “operationalizing,” and using group data. NHSTP has facilitated both research and theorizing – research findings of limited interest – diverse theories that seldom complement one another. Alternative methods are available for data acquisition and analysis, and for assessing the “truth- value” of generalizations.